The way to Command a Willow Fence

A willow fence is really a combination of hedge and fence — which is why it gets the nickname “fedge” in some places. Simply by placing cuttings of willow into the ground and then organizing them in a pattern, you may produce a living barrier between your yard and the neighbors’, or make a wall to define your garden area. Once it is planted, take some actions to control the increase of this willow fence so that it will not spread out too far. If you do not cut it back or train it periodically, the willow fence may eventually take over large swaths of your outdoor space.

Pull up any weeds growing in the base of the fence or even better, put a layer of black plastic sheeting or landscaping cloth around the willow spots to stop weeds from growing. Examine the base of your fence periodically to eliminate new weeds.

Weave new shoots into the weaved layout of your willow fence, even if you’d like your fence to be filled in with a great deal of leaf. Take a branch that is sticking out in the fence and then bend it back — carefully so that it does not break — and weave it under, over or around other branches which are firmly attached to the primary structure.

Trim side offshoots in the spring or fall, if you’re seeking to maintain your willow fence fairly sparse and maintain the first pattern visible. New shoots will tend to pop out vertically and horizontally in the established branches; take a hedge trimmer, loppers or hand trimmer and cut the newest shoots off as close to the origin stem as possible.

Cut the tops of the fence into your preferred height at the spring or fall, employing a hedge trimmers, loppers or hand trimmer. Also track the ground around the willow fence, since some varieties will send out root suckers that may spread widely throughout the yard.

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Shade-Loving & Steppable Groundcover Plants With Fern-Like Foliage

When you understand precisely what you have to have in your garden, plant options narrow and the selection is far easier. In a shady area of your garden which needs a hardy groundcover, adding texture using fern-like foliage is an attractive option. Before selecting your plant, review your options to ensure the plant fulfills your specific requirements.

Shade Definitions

When choosing a fern-like groundcover to support a heavily traveled area, understand the sort of shade your garden offers. Color is not an all-encompassing phrase. Instead, it has variations from partial shade to full shade. For gardening functions, even complete shade receives some lighting, typically two hours or less. The lighting does not need to happen all at one time. Light may filter through canopy cover or happen briefly during the morning and again in the afternoon. The secret is that the total amount of hours of lighting that the area receives. Partial shade receives extra light exposure, typically over 2 hours, but not more than 4 hours total.


When you’re planting a groundcover that needs to react well to foot traffic, hardiness is a crucial component. Planted among stepping stones or bordering a walkway, this low-lying plant needs to bounce back after a ball rolls over it, people step onto pets or it romp. Brass buttons (Leptinella squalida) fulfills the need for hardiness in a shady location whilst also providing delicate fern-like foliage. This mat-forming perennial, as the Missouri Botanical Garden calls it, requires well-draining, acidic soil to thrive. It grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 10. Brass buttons rises to only 3 inches tall, so that it functions well when planted between stepping stones in a walkway.

Dramatic Appeal

Brass buttons provides a couple of alternatives to consider when planting. “Platt’s Black” (Leptinella x “Platt’s Black”) includes all the main characteristics of this species: hardiness, fern-like foliage and shade tolerance. It adds another component of texture, however, with dramatic black and green foliage. “Platt’s Black” is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. It grows as many as two inches tall and spreads quickly to fill at a walkway place.

Tiny Leaves

Miniature brass buttons (Leptinella gruveri) is a miniaturized version of metallic buttons. With tiny leaves, this fern-like, hardy perennial adds a carpet of texture set against flagstones or stone walkways. It is very low-growing, to just about 1 inch tall, mitigating any potential trip hazard when planted among pavers. It is fast-growing, quickly forming a solid mat of light green at a shaded, moist part of your garden.

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Washing Memory Foam Rugs

A memory foam rug puts cushiony softness underfoot, relieving foot and leg fatigue should you stand for extended periods. The soft foam additionally creates a comfortable floor for children and their toys. Offered in a variety of sizes for any room, little versions are frequently used in front of the kitchen sink or as a bathmat. The microfiber construction holds a great deal of water, along with also the non-slip backing helps makes these rugs a safe choice.

Wash the Rug

Vacuum the rug surface to remove all loose debris and dirt, or even brush it off with a broom. Put clean stains or pre-treat heavily soiled areas with laundry solutions. Set the rug in the washing machine using its right side exposed. Place the machine to a delicate cycle, add standard laundry soap or soap, and fill the machine using rather cool water, never hot, according to the maker’s instructions. Because the polyurethane foam is synthetic stuff, don’t dry clean the rug. Avoid bleach and other cleaning solvents and substances.

Dry the Rug

After the cycle ends, remove the rug in the washing machine. Check the care label for drying hints. Some manufacturers suggest machine drying low and also removing the rug while it’s still moist, allowing it to complete air drying to avoid a peeled backing. Other makers recommend laying the rug flat to dry, or hanging it out from supplied loops. Avoid using clothespins; they pinch the polyurethane and leave compression marks. You may need to gently stretch or reshape some polyurethane foam rugs after laundering to renew the original dimensions. Foam rugs hold water so that it may take longer than expected to dry.

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How Do I Get a Surface Scratch Away of a Wood Floor?

Most modern wood floors possess a polyurethane finish, and whether the finish was implemented in a factory or even on-site, it’s not indestructible. It can be inadvertently scratched when you move furniture or even if you have pets with sharp claws. More often than not, scratches stay on the surface and are simple to repair.

Surface Scratches

You can often make surface scratches evaporate by applying paste wax and buffing the area, but that’s a temporary solution at best, since wax finally wears off or discolors. To make a longlasting repair, clean the part of the floor around the scratch with a soft fabric and a 1-to-1 way of water and vinegar. After drying it with another cloth, rub the scratch with 220-grit sandpaper or 000 steel wool, going with the grain of the wood. Wipe on a coat of the same finish that’s on the floor — generally polyurethane — and you are done.

Deep Scratches

When a scratch has penetrated to the wood, the consequent discoloration makes it more evident, and you can generally take take care of this with wood stain. Wipe around the stain once you clean the floor, and then allow it to dry before rubbing down the surrounding finish with sandpaper or steel wool. Rubbing removes all the stain except what has penetrated the wood. It also scuffs the finish so the new touch-up finish you apply with a fabric will adhere better.

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What Makes My Violet Switch White?

African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha), which potentially grow outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 11 through 12, but are often grown as houseplants, are classic indoor flowering plants. The plants are distinctive for their leaves and flowers in purple, white, blue-purple, rose, yellow or pink. To find out why an African American”turns white,” it’s important that which has changed color — flowers, leaves or equally. A color change does not indicate the plant is unhealthy, but may be a indication of disease.

Powdery Mildew

Mildew afflicts African violets. The leaves become covered with a powdery. High humidity and air circulation bring about the spread of this disease, which starts with a few leaf spots. If all leaves have influenced, it’s ideal to throw out the plant. If only a few leaves have become white, eliminate and decrease humidity and crowding in the area. The affected leaves with a solution of 1 teaspoon baking soda dissolved in 1 quart of water and monitor.

Variegated Leaves

African violet leaves may be marked or green or variegated with cream or white. The variegation is usually caused by a genetic mutation. Green-leafed plants may occasionally produce”sport” or spontaneous genetic mutations that result in variegation so complete that the leaves appear almost entirely white. The leaves, may not grow more slowly than the white leaves, having little chlorophyll. Since the genetic mutations that result in those leaves are unstable, it is almost impossible to breed fresh plants in the leaves.

White Flowers

Flowers that seem to turn white may also be the result of sporting or spontaneous genetic mutation. A plant, for example, may bear sports at the kind of a couple of flowers. Flowers on the exact same plant might be combination. Modern African violets will be the result of a hybridization process, with some varieties having characteristics — such as leaf and blossom color — compared to others. There’s absolutely no method of knowing at buy time if the plant is stable, or prone to sports.

Violet Considerations

Subtle color changes in African violet leaves and flowers may be caused by abrupt changes in temperature or light. Such changes may also trigger the type of mutations that create more dramatic effects, like flowers that are white or leaves . To lessen the prospect of these changes, provide bright. Inside, this kind of lighting is generally found in windows and east or west-facing windows in the winter. Keep the plants in a temperature that is consistent and try to keep them.

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Is a Rubber Plant Poisonous to Children?

Rubber plant’s (Ficus elastica) common name does not imply that it’s pliable. Its milky white sap includes latex, which has been originally used to make rubber. Because this sap is poisonous to pets and people, rubber plant is best set out of reach of children.

Plant Debate

In its ongoing zone across U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12, rubber tree may grow to 25 feet. As a houseplant, nevertheless, rubber tree’s growth is more controlled, growing 2 to 10 feet tall. You might have purchased a houseplant that wasn’t labeled as “rubber tree” or “Ficus elastica,” so knowing how to recognize this plant is very important to determine its poisonous potential. Rubber plant’s main identifying characteristic is its thick, wide, dark-green, oval leaves. New leaves appear at the top of a plant usually with a reddish tinge and are coiled until they unfurl. If you nick the stem, then you will see a milky white sap ooze out.

Irritating Sap

Rubber plant’s sap produces a colloid that contains components including wax, albumin, enzymes and sugar. However, the ingredient in the sap known as caoutchouc is the primary culprit. Caoutchouc is the element that not only provides latex its elastic quality but is also capable of causing an irritating reaction to the skin, mouth and eyes of children. This latex, which is found in all Ficus species, is the same component in latex gloves that leads to skin dermatitis in some people.

Toxicity Class

Poisonous plants don’t have to cause death to be considered poisonous. Toxicity covers a spectrum of reactions such as allergies, asthma or internal poisoning. Poisonous plants include substances that cause these reactions. The University of California, Davis, places rubber plant at Toxicity Class 4, that’s the least-dangerous class of four classes. Plants in Toxicity Class 4 trigger dermatitis from their sap, which is as gentle as an irritation for as strong as a skin rash. The rashes may be serious, causing severe pain to some children.

Swift Action

If a young child is exposed to rubber plant’s sap, then first eliminate any plant parts that may be in the kid’s mouth and then rinse the mouth thoroughly. If the sap gets on the kid’s skin, wash the affected area with soap and then rinse with cool water. If the sap gets into the kid’s eyes, gently flush the eyes for 10 to 15 minutes with lukewarm water. If blisters or a rash develops, call your regional Poison Control Center as soon as possible.

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Plants for Rockery Gardens

Rockery gardens create a well-drained environment which may hold a relatively large number of plants for the space that the garden occupies. Choose low-growing plants using non-aggressive habits which won’t conquer their neighbors. Find the garden in sun, shade or partial shade, and choose suitable plants for each exposure. Most stone garden plants are easy to develop, but they need regular maintenance to keep free of weeds and to maintain them in the proper size.

Succulent Plants

Low-growing succulents grow slowly and have attractive growth habits for year-long interest. Hens and chicks, also known as houseleek (Sempervivum spp.) , have leaf rosettes that resemble a rose flower. Green leaves may be tinged with pink, bronze, purple or red, depending on the species or cultivar. Typical houseleek (Sempervivum tectorum), growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10, has pink, purple or red flowers at the ends of short stalks in summer. For mounding rather than rosetted growth, stonecrops (Sedum spp.) Offer numerous species and cultivars. “October Daphne” stonecrop (Sedum sieboldii “October Daphne”) rises 6 to 12 inches tall and wide in USDA zones 3 through 9. Blue-gray leaves possess pink margins and then turn pink in sunlight. Foliage is topped by showy pink to lavender blooms in autumn. Both these succulents prefer full sunlight.

Shady Area Plants

Many choice rockery garden plants thrive in shaded conditions. Holly fern (Polystichum tsus-sinense) includes evergreen, triangular fronds with black venation and grows 6 to 12 inches tall. It can tolerate some morning or late day sun and is hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9. Cyclamen (Cyclamen hederifolium), hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9, displays vibrant deep green leaves which have variable silver markers in autumn when it blooms. Showy, white to pink flowers are held above the foliage on thin stalks, with numerous blooms per plant. The plant dies back after booming and is dormant during the summer months.

Ground Covers

Plants with mat-like growth offer great contrast to clumping or mounding rockery garden subjects. Think about “Red Mountain” ice plant (Delosperma dyeri “Psold”), growing in USDA zones 5 through 10. Trailing stems are covered with vertical, cylindrical succulent leaves and bright red, showy blooms. Put it to trail over stone edges or built-in terraces. It rises 2 inches tall and 15 to 20 inches wide. For a plant with fragrant leaves and showy red flowers in summer, creeping thyme (Thymus praecox “Coccineus”) rises 1 to 2 inches tall and spreads 12 to 18 inches wide. These botanical plants grow in USDA zones 2 through 9.

Early-Blooming Plants

Some rock garden subjects can provide the oldest bloom in your garden. The fragrant, 6- to 8-inch-tall, blue to purple blossoms of reticulated iris (Iris reticulata) look before the narrow, grass-like leaves are fully emerged. The plants die down for the summer, leaving the rounded bulbs underground. Find reticulated irises in which they don’t find much summer water to avoid decay and make certain bud set for the following year. They’re hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. Common snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis), a different substrate plant using early bloom, can have flowers as early as late winter. It grows 4 to 6 inches tall and wide in sun or partial shade in USDA zones 3 through 8.

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How to take care of a 6-Inch Goji Plant That's Sprouted

Noted for its antioxidant-rich red fruits, the goji berry (Lycium barbarum) is just a sprawling Chinese shrub that reaches heights up to 12 feet. Its delicious oblong berries, which step from 1/2 into 1 inch long, could be eaten raw, dried or juiced. A 6-inch seedling will need some alterations prior to being planted outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 10.

Understanding a Goji Seedling

The vine-like and sometimes thorny canes of this goji plant create narrow gray-green leaves in spring and star-shaped, self-pollinating white or purple flowers in late spring to early summer. Those blossoms are followed by berries from mid-summer via fall, though the plant might continue to bloom the whole time it’s fruiting. It sheds its leaves and wrapped into dormancy once daytime temperatures drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Goji seedlings grow rapidly, sometimes up to 7 feet within their first season, and thrive in alkaline soil in full sun. Some can begin producing berries within their second year, though some may wait until their third party.

Transplanting a Goji Seedling

In case the 6-inch goji seedling is still in a sowing container, transplant it into a 4-inch-diameter tree pot with drainage holes to adapt its long tap root, as the seedling must be at least 1 foot tall until you set it at the ground. After filling this pot with a mix of 2 parts garden loam to a part sand, dig a hole at its center and place the goji plant so that it sits at precisely the same depth as in its previous container. Put the pot on a sunny windowsill or under a grow light, and keep its soil gently moist until the cylinder is well-established, after which you are able to allow the soil to dry to 2 inches under the surface before watering the cylinder again.

Moving a Goji Seedling

If you began the goji seedling inside, bring its grass outdoors in the spring after danger of frost is past. Place the pot in a mostly shady site where it will get just two hours of sunlight its first day. Slowly move that, enough to enable it one additional hour of sun each day, until it’s in full sun all day.

Raising a Goji Seedling

Goji plants don’t require fertilizer and may, in reality, be hurt by too much of it. Since they belong to the same family as tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum, USDA zones 9 through 12), goji plants are susceptible to a few of the same blights. They can also develop powdery mildew if subjected to bad air movement or overly arid soil. To help prevent such problems even though you are waiting to plant the seedling, keep it at an airy, open spot from the vegetable garden, never to allow its soil to dry out completely, and spray it thoroughly with an organic biofungicide containing Bacillus subtilis at the first sign of dark or wax leaf stains. You can purchase a ready-to-use version of the biofungicide or mix 2 tablespoons of this concentrate with 1 quart of water. Continue to spray the plant once weekly provided that the issue persists.

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Do Deer Eat Kieffer Pears?

Wildlife lovers plant pear trees (Pyrus spp.) , such as Kieffer pear trees (Pyrus communis x P. pyrifolia), in their yards to attract deer. Deer love eating the fruit of these trees because they are rich in sugar, which provide the bull. Planting Kieffer pear trees will surely work, if you want deer to visit your lawn.

Kieffer Pear Trees

Kieffer pear trees are trees which grow in a variety of climates, including some ones that are warmer which other pear trees don’t tend to grow as well in. You’ll find them in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. The fruit of this Kieffer pear is somewhat rough and crisp, harder than the more common European Bartlett variety (Pyrus communis), which develops in USDA zones 5 through 8. Pear trees make a soft pear, sold in most grocery stores. Kieffer pears are more appropriate for pickling or canning, but that doesn’t discourage deer from eating their fruit.

Forget the Partridges, Deer and Pear Trees

Deer love eating apples, pears and persimmons, all of which are rich in carbohydrates. The fruit provides the energy that they need to nurse their young to them or for males to grow into full-grown bucks. With their small white flowers that blossom in spring, Kieffer pear trees are a good choice for attracting deer since these trees produce a large amount of fruit in a short quantity of time, normally through October from September. Most Kieffer trees produce fruit within three to five years of being implanted with little pruning.

Why Kieffer Pear Trees are a Good Selection for Deer

Unlike other kinds of pear trees, Kieffer pear trees are self-pollinating. This Kieffer tree’s flowers comprise both anthers and stigma, so that they can pollinate themselves with the assistance of animals like bees and birds. They will help ensure a crop of pears if you have lots of these pollinators around. You don’t require an orchard filled with trees to allow them to grow the deer you wish to draw a good quantity of fruit, while Kieffer trees will produce more fruit nearby, even another kind of pear tree. These trees are also a kind of bacterial disease that can affect other varieties of pear trees, drought resistant and fire blight resistant.

Kieffer Pear Trees in the Garden

Kieffer pear trees grow to 15 to 30 feet tall with a spread of between 12 to 20 feet. Plant these trees round the exterior of your backyard to protect foliage that is sensitive you would like deer to avoid, while providing them with a tasty snack. If you don’t want your Kieffer pear fruit to be eaten by deer, fence your house to keep them. Use solid fencing that is at least 8 feet tall and 20 feet out of your Kieffer pear trees to stop deer from reaching the trees or leaping over the fence. Don’t plant other types of fruit-bearing trees or Kieffer pear trees in case you don’t need deer.

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Can Household Bleach Harm a Pine Tree?

Whether you’re cleaning moss off a roof or power-washing your sidewalk, then bleach is a anti-microbial pesticide and fungicide that cleans and disinfects hard surfaces. While diluted bleach solutions, like a 1-to-10-parts bleach and water mixture, are not as likely to harm a pine tree (Pinus spp.) , bleach can damage the tree’s needles or even rinsed off with lots of fresh water.

The Effects of Chlorine Bleach

Chlorine bleach (sodium hypochlorite) is corrosive at 100-percent strength. When used at a solution of equal parts water and bleach, as is recommended when cleaning a roof, then the remedy will burn the foliage of trees and plants within 10 minutes.

Preventing Damage to Trees and Plants

To protect a pine tree, like a Monterey pine (Pinus radiata), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10water thoroughly and wash the foliage with plain water prior to using the bleach solution on the roof or sidewalk. Rinse the fibers and the plant within 10 minutes of exposure of the pine tree , completely soaking the foliage, bark and dirt.

What Happens to the Bleach?

The chlorine in bleach disappears. Until the chlorine has evaporated diluting the bleach with considerable amounts of water, its effects minimized. Any remaining bleach solution in the soil rapidly breaks down into saltwater.

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