Artful Stairs: Pairing in Steel

Stairs are among those components in a house that allow architects to truly flex their style muscles. When many pieces of a stair are standardized — both the height and length of risers and treads, railing heights, and the openness of guardrails — numerous factors allow for intriguing surfaces and construction details.

One means of designing stairs is to treat them as a constant surface, like a ribbon that wends its way from floor to ground, forming the treads and risers. Steel is a great material for this approach, since it allows to get a thin profile to accentuate the continuity of surface; it may act structurally, so other structural supports may be minimized, and the welding steel plates may give the appearance that a piece of steel is crimped to shape, although truth is quite different.

Following are some examples of steel stairs that express continuity of surface. The effects are minimal and contemporary, fitting a certain sort of interior. Yet at precisely the exact same time the effects are somewhat varied, originating from the treatment of the steel and the detailing of those other parts of the stair.

Eggleston Farkas Architects

This photo clearly expresses the thin profile that may be achieved with steel plate stairs. The only additional support is a steel tubing beneath the steps. Launched in context…

Eggleston Farkas Architects

… the black steel stairs float into the area between the kitchen and living room. The glass guardrails fortify this floating impact. A closer look …

Eggleston Farkas Architects

… shows the minimal construction of the steps: Notice the weld joints in which the L-shaped bent plates match the measure above (one can be seen right below”A36″). This is industrial in appearance, but it functions with an interior that is easy in detailing and surface.

This gorgeous stair unlocks a single step above the stone flooring, The wires on the proper suspend the steps from the ceiling and act as a guardrail. Notice the angle of the risers, a response to code that requires a 1-inch nose extension, apparently not required in the previous example.

John Lum Architecture, Inc.. AIA

Here we see that the 1-inch nosing is reached through the introduction of wood treads on top of the steel stairs. Again we see stairs that are suspended, in this case with steel rods. A closer look …

John Lum Architecture, Inc.. AIA

… shows the capping of the rods below the treads, a wonderful detail. As well, the welds are apparent in which the risers fulfill the treads. Bent plates — in the opposite direction of the first example — are evident in the curve on the bottom.

John Maniscalco Architecture

This is another example where the treads are covered with another material. No wonder; wood is a lot warmer to the touch than steel. A look from under…

John Maniscalco Architecture

… shows the stair is held away from the wall, allowing some light from above to filter down the wall and give the impression that the stair floats.

DeForest Architects

Inside this staircase the perforated steel steps seem to disappear. When seen from the appropriate angle they supply a gauzy view of what’s outside. They also allow light to filter down the staircase. Seen from a different angle…

DeForest Architects

… the stairs have more opacity. Be aware that these steps span from the good steel guardrail in the center of the stair into the adjacent wall, with no intermediate support.

This stair squeezes and spirals to a narrow area that previously provided a ladder into the attic above. The new glass wall brings lighting from above (aided by painting the steps white) and puts the new stair on screen. Seen from the side …

… it seems that the stair floats. Held from the walls on each side, the stair is attached at the top and bottom. I’m imagining the form of the steps and the welding provide it structural equilibrium.

Suggestions for Finding Spaces With Level Dimensions
Framing Style: Structural Expression in Steel
Wood Slats in Design: Repetition, Scale and Light
More inspirational architectural Information

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Items Glam and Go Glossy

For a complex upgrade that will not break the bank, consider introducing high-gloss paint to your interiors. Anything from a coffee table for your walls will encounter an instantaneous transformation under the guise of the shiny and chic option — and with the right prep, a little patience and a free weekend, you may even make a few of those changes yourself.

Wondering what pieces of yours may benefit from high-gloss paint? Have a look at these photos to see where fellow Houzz members have introduced a small glow.

Anna Lattimore Interior Design

Coffee table. Punch up your living room with a brightly colored coffee table. Really make it stand out from choosing a contrasting color for your wall. Your guests may actually feel guilty sticking their feet on something this lovely.

Jamie Laubhan-Oliver

Console. Consoles are usually found in hallways, and hallways are a great place to have a little fun with decor. A console in glistening paint will add a little eye-catching pizzazz for those walking through.

Rebekkah Davies Interiors + Design

Lamp. Lamps aren’t simply for mild; they are also an opportunity to fulfill your general scheme. Have an old lamp which you feel is lacking in style? Give it a quick coat of high-gloss paint to get a piece that will stand on its own.

Hutch. I love the bold use of glistening fire-engine red with this hutch. It is a great complement to shelves of colorful books.

William Conrad & Company Interiors

Side table. If you’ve got a rather monochromatic color scheme going on your seating area, add a some texture by transforming the side table with high-gloss paint. The combination of the complex piece with bamboo furniture is quite modern-retro.

table. If you want to find the kids to the dinner table, make it enticing! A dining table painted in high-gloss may not have them to eat their veggies, but at least it will be a treat for the eyes.

Philpotts Interiors

Mantle. Up the ante of your fireplace with a classy, glistening mantle. This is especially chic in this pastoral living room, and the interaction between the contrasting red of the couch and green of the mantle ignites the respective colours.

Burnham Design

Knickknacks. Have some cool pieces you’ve picked up at flea markets which you’ve been intending to touch up? Give them the ultimate makeover with high-gloss paint. Go for an unexpected color, and you will have instant conversation pieces.

Just Grove

Bathroom mirror. Change the look and feel of your bathroom with a coat of high-gloss paint on the framework of your mirror. Guests will probably be too busy admiring your paint job to worry about their lipstick.


Kitchen cabinets. Tired of your cabinetry? Slap on some glow! The price will be a lot more difficult for your pocketbook, and the new look will be transformative.

Burnham Design

Accent seat. Emphasize the”accent” on your accent seat by choosing a high-gloss paint. Choose a bright color so that it really pops.

Cynthia Mason Interiors

Bathroom vanity. You do not require a super fancy vanity when you have a can of high-gloss paint nearby. The paint itself will create it equally fancy and timeless.

Walls. Turn your room’s style with high-gloss painted walls. The best part: High-gloss paint reflects light rather than absorbing it, so your room will feel equally chic and bright.

John Lively & Associates

Ceiling. Insert an element of glow to the ceiling as well. Don’t feel as if you always have to decide on a vibrant color; high-gloss white is just as sophisticated.

Ana Williamson Architect

Front door. Nothing provides an enticing welcome just like a front door decorated in high-gloss paint. That said, it’s time to get out your paint brushes!

Next: Read great weekend jobs
DIY: Sit Pretty Together With Mismatched Chairs
DIY: Project Knickknack Makeover

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Capes Across America

Cape Cod houses are available across America in diverse variations to match differing climates and norms. This is because the Cape is, in its spirit, the one house style that conjures for us dreams of beachfront vacations, flower gardens, white picket fences and a simpler, more relaxed lifestyle.

Historically, the Cape Cod house started as a modest and efficient layout in response to Colonial America’s harsh climate. By keeping the layout an easy, one-story -rectangular box with a steeply pitched gable roof at the top, the Cape Cod house used an economy of materials to achieve a maximum of interior space.

As Americans enlarged Westward they took that all-American style with them, and currently there are examples of Capes all across the nation. Originally a modest house, the Cape enlarged to keep up with wealthier and larger families. The accession of roof dormers, both doghouse and shed kinds, easily additional headroom and usable distance to the second floor. When needed, a space or two would be inserted into the sides or backs of these houses. These developments would, in the best examples, be smaller than the initial principal portion of the house in order to maintain the scale and charm of a Cape.

This is an 18th century, Mid-Atlantic variant of the Cape Cod style home in Colonial Williamsburg. The simple rectangular shape of the main degree and steeply pitched roof gable that starts at the first floor ceiling are attributes of the style. So are the three doghouse dormers that include ceiling light and height into the second-floor rooms.

Unlike the New England variant with its central chimney and fireplace, this Cape has the chimney and fireplace placed at the side, a true reply to the milder Tidewater climate.

Savoie Nolan Architects

In New England, Cape Cod houses were often built quite small, only two or three bedrooms downstairs and two bedrooms upstairs. These houses would then be enlarged to the back and sides with small and massive developments to accommodate the operator’s needs. Growing over time in this way infused these houses with a sense of background, with roofs and walls and flooring telling the narrative of the inhabitants.

Savoie Nolan Architects

Here, the back of the exact same house shows the explosion of additions and changes this house has gotten. It’s like the house grew organically over the years to accommodate some pressing need of its inhabitants. Perhaps a fresh screened porch to enjoy winter. Perhaps a brand new kitchen and family room wing to accommodate a more contemporary lifestyle. And a shed dormer to make additional bedrooms upstairs.

All evidence that a Cape Cod style house is flexible, with the ability to accept and accommodate changes with time.

Frank Shirley Architects

The interior of these houses was typically a group of small, cozy and comfortable rooms. Dormers, window seats, under-roof storage, and vaulted ceilings all contribute to a Cape Cod home’s charm.

David Vandervort Architects

Cape Cod houses continue to be built, a testament to our love of the style. But while in the past the interiors were often small and dim, contemporary interpretations include open floor plans, soaring ceilings and extensive window and door locations.

In response to the hot and humid weather, the variant of the Cape Cod style for the Southeastern part of the country includes a huge porch to shade the interiors from the sun, and massive windows to capture cooling breezes.

This variant also has lifting the house a few feet above the floor to prevent the often wet environment while providing an chance for a grander entrance. And often the chimneys were put at the faces of the house to keep heat from the interior.

Milieu Design

A Cape Cod in the Upper Midwest shares the shape and details of its Colonial-era tradition but is often constructed of Chicago common brick, an inexpensive and mass-produced building material of the early- to mid-20th century.

James Hill Architect, AIA

A Bay Area Cape Cod house with doghouse dormers and side wings has much in common with the Capes of New England. Whether built all at one time or not, the Cape seems to have grown organically over time to match each operator’s needs.

Mahoney Architects & Interiors

The other Bay Area Cape with brick walkwayfront porch and dormers set into, not at the top of, the roof. It’s a mixing of the Capes located from north to south along the Eastern Seaboard.

David Vandervort Architects

This home in the Pacific Northwest is a contemporary update of the Cape Cod style. Each of the characteristics of the Cape Cod house are here while the material palette, such as the metallic roof, has been upgraded. It’s evidence that the Cape could be adapted to today’s engineering and building methods.

More: Browse guides to home styles and designs

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Guest Groups: Dreaming of a Casual Summer Cottage

With the Fourth of July round the corner, I would wager that summer cabin daydreams are hitting their annual peak. In this ideabook, I piled up a couple of summery pieces which would be essential for my fanciful shack by the sea — believe twists on tradition with weathered wood and sailor stripes, salvaged materials and handmade heirlooms, all with a dusting of Provencal sensibility. — Jenn from Department of the Interior

The Loaded Trunk

Mexican Embroidered Pillow Covers – $60

I love mixing and matching artisan fabrics from around the world, and whimsical Mexican bedspreads are among my favorites.

Here, Roni from Loaded Trunk discovered these conventional themes hand-embroidered onto pillow cases by the Otomi Indians in Mexico.


Bodhi Desk  – $798

I think contrast is essential to a home that’s warm and modern all at once. The worn-in quality of the wood and minimal layout is the perfect pairing.


Leather & Canvas Weekend Bag – $288

Lovingly salvaged from 1940s ticking fabric, this bag was made to be full of a new farm rack haul. Imagine it overflowing with sunflowers and ears of corn.

petit-bateau. us

Petit Bateau Striped Terrycloth Towel – $60

This adorable towel from iconic French brand Petit Bateau will make you feel like you’re sunning from the Côte d’Azur — even in the Jersey Shore!

Urban Outfitters

CoCo Cabana Chair – $189

These no-fuss, casual seats are ideal for a post-swim lunch; recycled steel and a cotton chair might easily stand up to damp-toweled bottoms!


Cobalt Large Jug with Handle – $59

I’m completely obsessed with this tiny pitcher in Design House Stockholm. I am pretty sure it was constructed for twisting alfresco chats with friends over lemonade or fresh-brewed sour tea.


White-Dipped Barrel Baskets – $59

These simple, beachy baskets are perfect for corralling all your summer essentials in a well-trafficked entryway — from beach towels into sand castle molds, spare sunscreen and flip-flops.


Windsor Love Seat – $1,498

This ombre-lacquered Windsor seat is just too cool. Such a brilliant twist on a occasionally stodgy classic.

Brook Farm General Store

Maplewood Cheese Board – $37

Delightfully unpretentious, this curved maple cheese board looks like it’s been passed down for generations.


Luscious Langoustine Dinner Plate – $24

I’m a massive fan of French artist Nathalie Lete’s whimsical designs. This witty snacking summertime plate is almost too cute to eat off of!


Lafitte Pendant – $148.95

Nautical done right. I adore the filtered light beaming through this jute pendant.

Brook Farm General Store

Beeswax Tea Lights – $10

These simple beeswax tea lights are a sweet, rustic take on a summer essential.

Calypso St. Barth

Zig Zag Jaipuri Rug – $275

This hand-loomed runner from Calypso St. Barth has just the right amount of graphical punch to liven up a boring hall or entry.


Engineered Glass Sconce – $373.50

I really like the patina of the recycled glass sconce from Terrain. Picture it transports you from a porch on a foggy, moonless night.


Botanical Drawing No. 6007 by Kari Herer – $30

Kari Herer’s photographs of her original drawings layered with real flowers are consistently jaw-dropping. Hang one anyplace you need to feel inspired.

Botanical Tea Towels – $24

Are not these flour sack tea towels that the ideal hostess gift? They’re made by Sara Selepouchin of Girls Can Tell.

Rifle Paper Co..

Gold Painted Stripes Thank You Card $4.50

No, we can not all have beach homes (womp womp), but we can thank the folks who let us stay at theirs with style! I happen to believe Anna Bond of Rifle Paper Co. is the very best stationer around, along with the metallic stripes here don’t disappoint.

Cloud Cookie Cutters – $20

No one likes getting rained out to a beach day, but these cloud cookie cutters from Herriott Grace offer a silver lining. Everyone knows that fresh-baked biscuits make any stormy day better. True story.

Traditional Duvet Covers – $202

Inspired by a favourite set of PJs, this weathered duvet from Coyuchi (completed with coconut shell buttons!) Is ideal for beach home guest rooms. I really like the sign of a menswear texture, too.

Santa Maria Novella Rosewater – $50

From Italy’s earliest”farmaceutica” that this rosewater, sprinkled or ironed on sheets, will give one of the most restorative sleep imaginable. An amazing treat for guests or you — yes, even you!

Next: More guest blogger merchandise selections

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Thanks, Steve: Apple-Inspired Design at Home

Losing Steve Jobs got me to thinking about just how important Apple is to those who love layout. From the first Macintosh to the iPod, iPhone, iPad and iconic Apple Stores, Apple has led the way. And not only in engineering, but in producing wonderful, user-friendly, holistically constructed objects.

Who can forget that legendary “1984” Superbowl commercial? Visually stunning, it was a powerful message and a trendsetter for many blockbuster Superbowl commercials to follow.

So here is a tribute to some great iPad, iPod and iPhone accessories and must-haves — and also the way the Apple aesthetic has worked its way into our houses. It is not everyday that a product comes along that changes the entire world and generates so many new businesses in its aftermath.

This streamlined white space was definitely seems to have been designed using the iBook in mind.


An iPad set to the wall is only another area of the space — but with the capacity to control the room’s temperature, music, safety attributes and more.


TRUFIG iPad Mount (CM-2000)

For all of us worried about getting all that stuff hanging onto our nicely designed walls includes this tidy and simple method to mount an iPad.

AV Awakenings

An iPad controls the big monitor and everything else in the home theatre.

Paragon Kitchens

Apple’s design made it much easier to place our workspaces on display. Even the tiniest kitchen desk is big enough for your Mac.

Valerie pasquiou insides + design, inc

Rustic brick walls, warm hardwood floors and a comfortable cloth seat all make a counterpoint to the Mac’s slick, sleek lines.


USB Typewriter Olympia Portable – $799

An iPad docked in what can only be described as amazing art.

Straight Line Designs


Here is the iPod docked in a exceptional speaker system: High-tech glitz meets log-cabin style.

Rossington Architecture

The children would definitely do their assignments in a setting similar to this. After writing that word paper on the Mac they could play a game of 8-ball to reset.

Ed Ritger Photography

Unmistakeably iconic and ready to hold its own in almost any “man cave”

Lisa Borgnes Giramonti

Apple’s iWork, iLife, iBank, etc. made it effortless to keep ourselves organized and know exactly where everything is.

Elite Metalcraft Co. Ltd

This is like the glass stair in the iconic 5th Avenue Apple Store. Not for the faint of heart.

The Container Store

Mini Microfiber Fuzzy Finger Mitt – $2.99

Following is a fun and vibrant way to keep the screen tidy. Maybe I can get the children to take action.

Urban Outfitters

App Magnets – $16

What kitchen would be complete without the omnipresent program icon as refrigerator magnet?


MP3 Alarm Clock Docking Station and Speakers – $59.95

Phone, music system, photo gallery, photo gallery, inventory tracker — and an alarm clock which at least will bring a grin to your face.

Geneva Sound Systems Geneva Sound XL High-Powered All-in-One HiFi – $1,999

Little iPod, BIG SPEAKER! “Don’t bury the bass” as they say.

The Red Jet

Rise and shine, sleepy heads! There’s no reason not to understand what time it is due to this big-screen Mac.

Have you incorporated the iPad, iPod and other technologies to your property? Please discuss a pic below.

More: The Case for Well-styled Home Electronics

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The Rachel Zoe Project Is Back

I’m just going to admit it. I cannot WAIT for Season 4 of The Rachel Zoe Project to air tonight. Though her grossly exaggerated Valley Girl accent can be bothersome, Zoe can make unparalleled drama around a missing earring, an Oscar-dress hem or even a kit overlooking boob tape. She reacts to a lost FedEx package like the rest of the world reacts to a tsunami, and it is absolutely hilarious. Also, there is a lot of Fantastic style and pop-ins from celebs such as Jennifer Garner, Molly Sims, Joy Bryant, Liv Tyler, Anne Hathaway, Kate Hudson and a Lot More across the way. Hopefully this year will comprise all of the drama of picking Hathaway’s Oscar outfits, which will be the very best thing about her co-hosting the awards.

With regard to tonight’s premiere on Bravo, I’ve constructed some RZ-worthy spaces I think she’d appreciate.

Hooray, she’s back! We’re ready to observe the behind-the-scenes act of dressing high-maintenance celebrities!

Tobi Fairley Interior Design

Bold wallpapers, black and white, a little Vuitton history and a classic quilted Chanel bag are all quintessential Zoe. She would go with this room absolutely in this Chanel getup.

Adeeni Design Group

Something about this room embodies everything about RZ’s individual design: the signature of retro ’70s elegance, the furry rug, the more sparkly sputnik accessories. It seems like one of her fur vest outfits.

Moroso Construction

Because she has enough classic treasures inside her archives to outfit everybody attending the Met Ball Costume Institute Gala herself, Zoe wants a closet that’s as big as all of the other rooms in her home combined.

Cristi Holcombe Interiors, LLC

Even though Zoe and her husband Rodger lately had a boy, it is never too early to begin teaching one’s child about Andy Warhol shoe prints. What exactly if this room is a little girly?

Imagine Living

Oversized chandy, wall of drapes, roll-back daybed? This room is shutting down it.

Glenn Gissler Design

A perfect spot for Zoe to lie down and whine to Rodger about how bananas her life is during award season.

The Couture Rooms

A dab of Hermes orange is obviously appropriate. This room is murdering it, like Jennifer Garner failed at the orange classic Valentino Zoe place her in to the 2004 Oscars.

The Couture Rooms

Many times Zoe will earn a minimal outfit stand out with a fantastic bit of vintage jewelry, belt, or purse. This chandelier does exactly the same thing for this particular bedroom.

Tracy Murdock Allied ASID

This exact Fendi area is one I’m convinced Zoe can get behind. She even picked yellow for her own Met Costume Institute Gala apparel last year.

Tracy Murdock Allied ASID

Obviously, what fashionista could withstand a Princely purple and Emilio Pucci-inspired room?

Beth Dotolo, ASID, RID, NCIDQ

Likewise, Missoni tempts as well. This area captures the soul of the retro-bohemian glam Zoe enjoys so much.

Side note: I am counting down the moments prior to Target releases its new Missoni line; I even picked out everything I need and set an alert (September 13, 2011).

Habachy Designs

Though we’ve never seen Zoe cook, I can see her with a dining area like this one. It’s an incredibly Tom Ford-era Gucci cosmetic.

Valerie pasquiou insides + design, inc

If this area were a apparel, Zoe would be name-dropping Cameron Diaz all around the area to get her hands on it.

I can see Zoe styling a Harper’s Bazaar shoot Demi Moore or even Anne Hathaway in this room.

The room’s color and texture palette are all quintessential Zoe. It’s offering me a witch vibe. It appears like a “can this outfit become a space?”

Tobi Fairley Interior Design

Rachel’s former assistant, Brad Goreski, could be gone, but if he had any influence in any way, he might have abandoned Rachel with a penchant for preppy plaid. I think that this is exactly how he would have styled it.

Robert Granoff

Ultimately, no Zoe house would be complete without some sort of altar to Coco and Karl, even if it’s in the bathroom!

Runway Fashion Comes Home
Decorating for your Haus of Gaga
Fashionable Spaces Inspired by Menswear

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How to Clean Brick and Concrete with a Pressure Washer

Like most homeowners, you probably take great pride in your hardscapes for the convenience they provide. When properly maintained on a regular basis, a hardscape can literally last you for decades, but aggressive cleaning methods can compromise its quality and reduce its lifespan. Luckily for you, we’ve got some helpful tips on how to clean your outdoor areas without causing any damage.   

Pressure Cleaning

For effective Pasadena cleaning service, set up your pressure washer so that you’re using the correct pressure nozzle and the right pressure level. We recommend using a 3 GPM pressure washer with 3000 PSI for brick and concrete outdoor surfaces, and when selecting the nozzle, opt for one with an angle. This will help you avoid damaging the surfaces while ensuring that you give them a proper cleaning.


Outdoor surfaces that are built from concrete and brick are prone to mold growth when exposed to a daily shadow, especially during the autumn and winter seasons. Over time, these hardscapes get porous and more susceptible to wear and tear, which promotes the rapid build-up of grime and algae.

The good news is that you can easily clean this up by applying the correct water pressure. However, you must be careful because if you use the wrong method or an incorrect nozzle, then you might end up doing more damage than good.

For the best results when cleaning up grease and oil stains from your outdoor floor surfaces, use an effective detergent.


As mentioned above, the technique is everything when it comes to cleaning services Pasadena. Use the right technique, and you’ll end up with clean surfaces in no time, whereas an incorrect method will not only slow down the cleaning process, but will also damage your surfaces over time.

Make sure you keep the tip of the pressure cleaner about 12 inches away from the surface while you’re cleaning it, and start by sweeping along the edge and work your way in using an even motion throughout. This particular technique will help you prevent streaking while reducing your chances of damaging the surface when cleaning.

Just be sure to position the nozzle at a slight angle so that you concentrate the pressure right on the surface of the hardscape you’re cleaning, whether it’s brick or concrete. Also, gradually move from one area to the next, while making sure to carefully direct the overflow. Lastly, get a push broom to sweep away all the dirt and debris that has been loosened from the surface and voila! You’re all done.  

If you’re looking for a maid service Pasadena solution that’s suitable for a large hardscape area in your home, then we advise renting out a rotating sweeping attachment. This comes with a revolving head that’s able to clean large areas efficiently and offers great results every time without a lot of effort on your part.

The best way to Clean a Glass Cook Top Which Is Discolored

Glass cooktops offer a sleek surface that allows for fast clean up and heats. Spills and meals left to sit can cause glass. Heat in the burners make cleaning difficult and can burn off the foods on the area. Cleaners are specifically formulated to eliminate remove difficult stains without damaging or scratching the glass cook top area. Clean your cook-top right after after every use to avoid discoloration and stains.

Turn the cook-top off and permit it to cool before cleaning. Remove any products from your cooktop surface.

Apply a dime-sized quantity of cook-top cleaner straight to the glass cook-top.

Dampen a non-abrasive scrub sponge with warm water and wring it out. Spread the cook-top cleaner with all the sponge on the glass cooktop. Scrub the places carefully are gone. For caught-on stains, maintain a razor-blade at a 45-degree angle and scrape the stain.

Apply a dime-sized quantity of cook-top cleaner to the glass cook-top. Spread the cleaner using a clean cloth on the whole cook top area. The area together with the fabric to restore glow. There is no need.

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Patching Up a Concrete Floor

Holes and cracks in cement are very common. They can be caused by a number of factors but even then, the most important thing is to know how to patch up the concrete. Fixing cracks or holes in the cement floor is often more complicated than just pouring wet cement and flattening out the surface. If you are dealing with holes more than 1 inch deep, you will need to do some prep work on the surface and get the right hardwood flooring San Diego mix to do the job.

Here are a few simple steps you can explore to patch up these holes:

Use a Cold Chisel and a Hammer

As part of the prep work needed to fix cracks and holes in the cement surface, you will need to level up the surface. Put the chisel at the bottom of the hole and try to undercut the sides as gently as you can.  This will allow the patch to hold better. Vacuum the hole if possible and clean it using a wire brush and water. Use a dry cloth or paper to wipe off the area. Once it’s dry, apply the cement bonding liquid. You can buy the liquid in your local hardware store.

Mix the flooring San Diego

As the bonding liquid dries up after application, go ahead and start mixing up the course cement with water. Once the cement is properly mixed, scoop it up using a trowel and place it into the hole. Try and press it against the edges and on the corners. Once the corners and edges are properly filled, go ahead and fill up the entire hole. Press using a towel until the mixture is fully compacted.

Level the Patch

The last step is leveling up the patch. Use a straight edge board to do this. The board must be at least one foot longer than the total width of the hole. Move the board back and forth in a sawing motion until the hole is leveled up. The surface will now start to lose its wet sheen, and it will be firmer to the touch. It’s now time to smoothen it out. Use a wood or magnesium trowel to do the job. Move the trowel slowly in order to blend the patch edges with the entire surface.

In order to achieve the perfect results, you can use a steel trowel on the final stages of smoothening. However, if you don’t have one, the aluminum towel will still deliver good results. Once the patch is smoothened out, give it at least 24 hours to dry before walking on it. However, this will depend on the weather. The patch will take longer to cure on cooler climates compared to warmer weather. If you live in a colder climate, you might need more than 24 hours for the San Diego flooring to dry up.

The best way to Cut Lettuce Therefore It Keeps Growing

Leaf lettuce grows well in climates with cool-weather, especially in home gardens. Lettuce can be usually grown by cool locations all the year. Fall planting and spring is most useful for hotter inland locations with warm summer temperatures. As the leaves develop independently in the crown, leaf lettuce is effective with the cut-and-come-again approach. While leaving the plant to carry on creating lettuce leaves this method lets you cut the quantity of lettuce you require.

Wipe a pair of scissors to remove any dirt or particles. This minimizes contamination of the lettuce safeguards the plant that continues expanding and leaves you are harvesting.

Cut the lettuce leaves about 1-inch over the crown. Therefore the lettuce proceeds expanding this shields the crown. When the leaves reach between 3 and 6″ cut off the quantity of lettuce required.

Water the lettuce frequently to motivate progress that is ongoing even when you start harvesting. Look for soil that is moist but prevent extremely saturated soil or water. The water also helps discourage bolting, meaning the plant goes to seed, to provide time to develop lettuce leaves that are extra to the plant.

Remove the heart of the lettuce plant that starts developing tall prior to bolting. So that you’re in a position to harvest leaves prior to the lettuce plants go to seed, you will slow the method.

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